It’s been almost two years since I started this blog. In that time I’ve received questions from readers on a variety of topics related to DIY investing, dividend investing, and BTSX in particular. Sometimes the questions are personal – How do I handle my own investments? Sometimes they are practical – How might readers put this information into practice? And sometimes the questions are challenging – Wouldn’t it be better if we did X, Y, or Z instead?
As the blog and its readership grow, it has become a little more difficult for me to respond to these queries individually, so I thought I would create two blog posts with answers to the most common questions I receive.
In this post I will answer questions about how I personally manage my investments. In the next post I will answer more general questions about dividend investing and Beating the TSX.
Here we go.
1. Do you use BTSX to choose your own investments?
Yes. I started my investing journey in 2002 and, like many people, went through phases of high-fee mutual funds and taking fliers on hot stock tips before gradual transitioning to index funds. I still think buying and holding broad-based index funds are a very reasonable way to invest, but once I started reading David Stanley’s Beating the TSX articles in the Canadian Moneysaver, I couldn’t ignore the evidence. At that point he had accumulated two decades of data showing that a simple method of selecting high yielding Canadian stocks had out-performed the index.
I started investing in BTSX companies blindly; I didn’t have the confidence or familiarity to assess the companies individually, but I had faith in the track record of the system. It’s amazing to look back and see that I still hold about 75% of the stocks I bought when I started: great dividend paying and growing companies like RY, TD, T, BCE, and NA. For a while I still tried to stock-pick – as I look back at my statements, RIM and HPQ were pretty effective at showing me that I’m no good at it. Lessons that I had to learn in order to have confidence in a dividend-based strategy.
Today stocks that have, at one time or another, been on the BTSX list make up about 80% of my portfolio.
2. How often do you buy/sell stocks?
I reassess my portfolio about once per year, usually at the beginning of the year. If there is a market correction partway through the year, I may take that opportunity to take advantage of lower prices and reinvest some accumulated dividends. Similarly, if I become aware that one of the companies I am invested in has fundamentally changed, I may re-evaluate my position in it.
To be clear, I do not buy or sell any time the BTSX list changes. The monthly BTSX portfolio updates I publish here on the blog exist as a resource for those with money to invest, not to stimulate unnecessary trading.
3. Do you buy every stock on the BTSX list?
When I started using Beating the TSX to choose dividend paying stocks, I bought all ten stocks that appeared on this list and held them for the year – just like the method on which our long term data is based. Nowadays I’m more picky, but that’s not to say I’m smarter or that my performance is significantly better. It’s more of a comfort level thing.
For example, at the top of the current list is Brookfield Property Partners (BPY-UN) with a 10%+ yield. I don’t own it because the company is highly leveraged and I don’t think that yield stands a chance of being sustainable. Another stock that has frequently appeared on our list over the years is Shaw (SJR.B). I don’t own it because they haven’t had a dividend raise in over five years and the stock price has done almost nothing in the last 13 years.
Could one or both of these companies prove me wrong and provide massive profits to investors? Sure, but I’d rather take that risk and buy a few stocks with slightly lower yields but better fundamentals.
Beating the TSX is a tool to identify potential investments. There is no need to follow the list dogmatically. Which leads me to another common question . . .
4. What other investments do you have outside BTSX stocks?
A short list of my investments that fall outside BTSX-type stocks:
- A small position in an international index ETF – for diversification purposes
- A small position in a broad based index fund – mainly used as a place to park cash until I’m ready to sit down and make dividend stock purchases
- Other dividend paying stocks – these are all stocks from the TSX 60 (i.e. Canadian blue-chips) that have a history of good dividend growth and diversify my portfolio across sectors not represented well by BTSX stocks. Examples include Magna (MG), Metro (MRU), Canadian Tire (CTC-A), and Nutrien (NTR). About 10-15% of the portfolio.
- Bonds? Not in my portfolio for a few years now for two main reasons: first, yields are brutally low, and second, some dividend paying stocks (FTS and MRU come to mind) are so poorly correlated with market movements that they accomplish a similar goal to that of bonds (discussed more here).
It’s important to understand I am not endorsing this approach for anyone else’s portfolio and my portfolio might look different in five or ten years, but it works for me right now.
5. Do you ever feel drawn to trying other strategies?
At this point in my investing career, I am satisfied that the evidence supports a dividend-based strategy and, frankly, Beating the TSX has an unbeatable track record – remarkable, given that it is also simple, low maintenance, and essentially free (no fees).
Having said that, I am always on the lookout for new information and sound alternatives. Most alternatives can be discarded out of hand: timing the market, trading hot stocks, stock tips from talking heads on TV or the internet. But there are two approaches I think are worth considering.
First, dividend growth investing, made famous in Canada by the venerable Tom Connolly, has a lot of merit and a few of my holdings are dividend growth stocks. Second, broad-based index ETFs are especially useful for those with less than 30-50k to invest or who have little interest in buying individual stocks. I am particularly happy that the industry is now offering all-in-one ETFs that take care of asset allocation and automatically rebalance – all for a very low fee.
There you have it – an inside look at how I think about my own investments. Was this useful for you? Do you have more questions (please bear in mind, I can’t give individual advice)? Feel free to leave a comment. In the meantime, here is the updated BTSX list for October (not much has changed from last month).