John had been working for several decades. He made a decent income, spent with restraint, and saved consistently. Based on his financial plan, he knew how much money he needed to retire. As the finish line approached, he got more and more excited for the freedom he’d be able to enjoy.
But, then other feelings started creeping in. Hesitation. Doubt. Fear.
What if the stock market tanks soon after I retire? What if inflation decimates my spending power? What if? What if? What if . . .?
Giddy excitement morphed into nauseating uncertainty.
Maybe I was wrong. If I keep working a little more, I’ll feel better, safer, happier. I’m pretty sure I have enough money, but I want to be absolutely sure. I’ll just work one more year.
Unless you have a secure defined-benefit pension, John’s experience is familiar for many of us.
As I worked toward my “financial independence number”, I was anxious for the extra time I’d be able to spend with my kids, the things I would build in my workshop, and the relief I’d feel at not having to endure the bone-crushing exhaustion of shift work in the ER.
The dream motivated me to save and invest, but as the dream got closer to becoming a reality, my mind automatically sought problems, weak spots, reasons to worry. I think we’re wired for this; when we were hunter-gatherers on the African savannah, only the humans who were constantly looking for danger survived. This is true for every animal: we fear the unknown.
Money makes us feel safer
In fact, money doesn’t just offer a sense of safety, it offers even more – validation. We are constantly craving external signs that who we are and what we’re doing is valuable, respected, and worthwhile. Working at a job, even if it’s hard, and being paid to do it scratches that itch.
Of course, there’s a trade-off. Once you are reasonably certain that you have enough invested to sustain you, what are you giving up for the extra safety of working another year? We are wired to place more importance on risks than opportunities. I think this is especially true for savers. What makes us savers in the first place is an ability to delay gratification; we recognize the risks of not saving and are willing to give up a certain amount of happiness now for more security later. It’s the marshmallow test for grown-ups.
“One more year syndrome” is really just an extension of this conservative mentality.
Working “one more year” can be a good thing . . . or not
I’m not saying that working one more year is always the wrong thing to do. Perhaps you discover that, in balance, you actually like your job. Perhaps you realize your original assumptions about how much you needed to retire weren’t complete and more money would meaningfully increase the safety of your plan. Or perhaps you’re a high-earner, and working one more year would allow you to significantly increase your spending in retirement on things that truly matter to you: travel, charity, grandchildren’s education, etc.
On the other hand, if your job is sucking the life out of you, leaving you tired and grumpy with your partner and kids, the calculus changes. If it’s not meaningful and fulfilling in itself and doesn’t leave time for you to pursue things that are important to you, “one more year” could feel like an eternity and involve real costs.
You can always look at the math. If it would take you ten years to save another $1million for retirement, using a general rule of thumb (the “4% rule”), that would allow you to spend an extra $40k/year. Is it worth it?
I know a lot of people who become paralyzed by “one more year syndrome”. The once inspiring vision of financial independence gets buried in a landslide of “What if’s”. One more year becomes two, which becomes three . . . paradoxically, their fears rise with their net worth. They want freedom, but only feel safe confined to a job.
Working one more year is not always a bad idea, but it certainly can be if the decision is based on ignorance or fear. Here are five questions that can help us know when enough is enough.
1. Are you confident in your numbers?
If you’re not sure of your financial plan, you’ll never be able to leave work and feel good about it. Do you know how much your lifestyle costs now? What size nest-egg do you need to support your lifestyle post-work? Are your investments appropriate for a retiree? Do you have a plan for drawing an income from your investments? With a little effort, you can do all this yourself or you can enlist the help of a money coach or fee-only financial advisor.
2. Is your self-worth tied to your net worth?
Some people keep working because that’s where they feel valued, and there’s nothing wrong with that. Others keep working just for the money; every dollar of income is a tiny band-aid on a mind that is hobbled by self-doubt and social disconnection. More money will never make up for those shortcomings.
3. What do you need more, time or money?
What can tame our demons – and we all have them – is time. Time to invest in our relationships. Time to improve ourselves. Life is a series of transactions between time and money. With work, we trade our hours for dollars. Financial independence means we have built up enough that we can have our time back: relax when we need to and choose our work based on our values, not on the paycheque. If you’ve already achieved financial independence, ask yourself what matters more, the money you’d make by working, or the time you will lose.
4. What are you giving up by working?
Sometimes we make decisions based on what’s apparent rather than on what’s important. The rewards of working a year are obvious – tens of thousands of dollars. The rewards of not working are less obvious, but that doesn’t mean they’re less important. The opportunity costs of letting inertia carry you along in a job that is profitable but uninspiring can be significant: time with children, entrepreneurial ventures, meaningful volunteer work, etc.
5. What are you more likely to regret?
Picture yourself on your deathbed looking back on your life. What are you more likely to regret: money or time?
A few years ago our family reached what I would call “Level 2 Financial Independence” – enough that we could live securely, though not luxuriously, for many years. Continuing to work would have padded the coffers meaningfully. On the other hand, our kids were over halfway finished their time at home with us before they’d be heading off in their own directions. We wanted to travel, and we had an opportunity to do an epic one year family adventure. So, what would I regret more, missing a few luxuries in the last half of my life or missing a life-defining experience with the people I cared about most? What I realized is that I had a choice between two investments: my retirement or my family. I was unbelievably lucky to have that choice at all, which made the right decision all the more obvious.
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What I’ve been listening to, watching, and reading:
“Are inflation concerns inflated?” The Rational Reminder Podcast
I learned a ton about inflation from this podcast. For example, contrary to popular belief, retirees are not the most vulnerable to inflation. Also how we can better assess how inflation is likely to affect us individually.
This post by Financial Samurai was really helpful in writing today’s post: Overcoming The “One More Year Syndrome” To Do Something New
Dave at Accidental FIRE wrote the post that inspired this one: “Is This The Condition I So Feared?” where he looks past the dollars and digs into his experience as a human being. What he uncovers is a resilience that has surprising implications on financial planning.
EDIT: Just hours after I posted this, I discovered that Mark at My Own Advisor was posting on the same topic at exactly the same time! Read his post HERE.
Yellowstone (Amazon Prime)- The Dutton family fights for their land and their way of life in Montana. I don’t watch a lot of TV, but this show is brilliant, shocking, funny, and profound. You’ll be thinking about the characters long after the show is over.
If you like science fiction, The Three-Body Problem by Cixin Liu is mind-blowingly good. Originally written in Chinese, this translation by Ken Liu, who is also an incredible sci-fi author, is unlike anything I’ve read before. I’m currently on the third book of the trilogy and I have to say, it keeps getting better and better. It’s so good, there are TWO adaptations currently in production for TV.
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After the death of my son who was disabled and reliant upon me, retirement at 65 was not an option. The expenses in caring for a family member who is unable to care for themselves in a meaningful way, drains energy, finances and well being of the caregiver. I was so thankful that my services were sufficient to add another 13 years (78) to my earning capacity. There are tremendous decisions and choices to be made as to why continuing to work is a viable option. I have such gratitude that I was able, as a single, ageing woman to not only care for my son but to still have time and energy, plus capacity to then care for my later years. Not opulent by any stretch, but adequate for my needs.
Thanks for sharing that, Eve. “Not opulent by any stretch, but adequate for my needs.” – I think if more people had this as their goal, there would be a lot less anguish in the world.
I am learning what you seem to already know – that who we are is not defined by our opulence, but by what, or in your case who, we love and are willing to struggle for.
Those questions are bang on! Introspective, practical and real; this is a great article. Thank you.
Thanks for the comment, Jepa – I appreciate the feedback.